Scotland is one of the four parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Scotland is located in the north of Britain and borders with England. The west coast of Scotland is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, the eastern coast is washed by the North Sea. The area of Scotland is just under 70 thousand km², and the population is more than 5 million people. The administrative center of Scotland is the city of Edinburgh, but the largest city is Glasgow, it also houses the main seaport of Scotland.
The head of state is the British monarch. In the political sphere, Scotland enjoys wide autonomy. For example, in Scotland has its own legislative body – the Parliament of Scotland. It consists of 129 members – deputies elected by the population in elections. The Parliament has the right to make decisions concerning the internal policy of Scotland within the framework of the delegated powers of the British Parliament. At the same time, the British Parliament can veto acts of the Scottish legislature.
The executive body is the government of Scotland, which is headed by the Prime minister of Scotland. The Prime minister is elected by the Scottish Parliament.
Territorially, the country is divided into areas in which local councils exercise power.
The Scottish legal system enjoys considerable independence from the rest of the UK, and therefore in many areas its own private and public law, which is often closer to the continental legal system, is applied.
The judicial system is represented by magistrates and district courts, the court of appeal in the form of sheriff courts, as well as the High Criminal Court of Scotland and the Supreme Civil Court of the Sessional. The final instance in all cases is the Supreme Court of Great Britain.