Portugal is a Western European country that is washed by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and borders Spain on the north and east. The area of Portugal is slightly more than 92 thousand km², and the population – almost 11 million people
A convenient geographic location became decisive for Portugal. That were Portuguese who made many geographical discoveries and created an extensive colonial empire, which has now turned into Portugal’s strong economic ties with the countries of South America and Africa. Today, Portugal is part of the EU and the Schengen area, and attracts businessmen and investors from around the world.
Behind the state system, Portugal is a parliamentary-presidential republic. The head of the country is the President, who is elected for 5 years. He exercises his powers with the help of a special body – the State Council. Legislative power belongs to the Parliament – the Assembly, which consists of 230 deputies elected for 4 years. Executive power is exercised by the Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister.
The judiciary is independent, represented by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the courts of general jurisdiction of the first and second instance, the Supreme Administrative Court and the lower administrative courts. There are also maritime, arbitration and world courts.