PRESENTATION OF JURISDICTION
Malta is an island country in Southern Europe. It is located between the southern coast of Italy and North Africa. The total area is 316 km ², it includes the islands of Malta, Gozo, Comino and several small uninhabited islets. The population of Malta is about 430 thousand people.
It is a unique crossroads of the Mediterranean archipelago, where the intertwined different nations, cultures, religions, languages – it is the richness of the island, or simply an open air museum. Malta’s economy is based on tourism service and international trade industrial electronic equipment and appliances. And even though, Malta is a Civil Law Jurisdiction, all modern legislation including company tax and maritime laws are modelled on their UK counterpart, still Malta has its own features that set it apart from the UK for offshoring solutions.
Legislative power in Malta belongs to the Parliament, which is called the House of Representatives. The Chamber consists of 69 members who are elected for a period of 5 years by secret ballot.
The House of Representatives appoints the President, who is the head of state.
The executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Cabinet of Ministers. The government forms the main directions of domestic and foreign policy and ensures their implementation.
Determining the impact on the political sphere and the state structure of Malta has membership in the EU. Malta became a full member of the EU in 2004.
The legal system of Malta is mixed. Significant influence on it had a period of British colonization, as well as French law. The main source of law is legislation and maritime trade practices. The judicial system consists of general courts and the Constitutional Court. The hierarchy of general courts is headed by the Civil Court of Appeal and the Commercial Court and the Criminal Court of Appeal. Minor cases are examined by magistrates’ courts, which consist of justices of the peace. All judges are appointed by the President for the submission of the Prime Minister.