Germany, or, officially, the Federal Republic of Germany, is a highly developed state in Central Europe. Germany is one of the founding countries and an important member of the EU, a member of NATO. Germany plays an important role in the international political and economic arena and is among the world’s top ten leaders.
Germany borders on Denmark, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, Switzerland, France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands, and is washed by the North and Baltic Sea.
Germany has an area of just under 350,000 km², and its population is about 82 million people. The capital of Germany is Berlin.
Germany is a federal parliamentary republic, the head of state is the federal president, he performs representative functions. Legislative power belongs to the parliament and the body of representation of the lands. At the regional level, legislative activities are carried out by the parliaments of the lands. The executive branch is represented by the federal government headed by the Chancellor.
The political system of Germany consists of two levels – the federal one, at which decisions of national importance are taken, and the regional one, on which the issues of federal lands are resolved.
The judicial system is represented by several jurisdictions: general, labor, social, financial and administrative, each of which has its own judicial system. Thus, for example, courts of general jurisdiction consist of the Supreme Court, the highest courts of land, land courts.
Also in Germany is the Federal Constitutional Court, its decisions are binding on all other courts.