France, or the French Republic, is a Western European country, one of the founders of the EU, and one of its most significant members, which determines its policy. France is at the center of the world’s largest market, offering favorable economic conditions for business and investment.
France borders on many European countries, including Italy, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Monaco and Andorra. The area of France is about 675,000 km², and the population – 66.7 million people. The capital of France Paris is the most tourist city. The official language is French. The English language is used extensively in the business environment.
France is a presidential-parliamentary republic, the state system of which was established by the French Constitution of 1958. The President is the head of state and the executive branch of power, as well as a guarantor of the independence of the judiciary. The government is headed by the Prime Minister, which is appointed by the President. The Prime Minister ensures the implementation of laws and the implementation of the domestic policy of the country.
Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral parliament, which consists of the Senate and the People’s Assembly.
French justice is based on the principles of collegiality, professionalism, independence, which are provided by a number of guarantees. The system of courts consists of courts of first instance, appellate and cassation courts. Also there are specialized courts, for example, in the field of criminal law, administrative, labor.