PRESENTATION OF JURISDICTION
Belize was called British Honduras in former days; however, since 1981 it became an independent democratic Commonwealth country located on the Caribbean seaboard of Central America, being of springboard to optimization for several companies around the world. Belize is a member of the UN, the IMF, the World Bank and the Caribbean Development Bank.
The area of Belize is about 23 thousand km², and the population is about 380 thousand people. It borders with Guatemala and Mexico.
Belize is a parliamentary democracy. The head of state is the Queen of Great Britain, and her representative is the Governor-General. The Parliament consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives, which has 31 members elected by the population for a period of 5 years. In the Senate, 12 members are appointed by the Governor-General for a period of 5 years. Executive power is exercised by the government headed by the Prime Minister. In general, Belize’s political system corresponds to the British model. This happened historically, because for a long time Belize had been a British colony.
The legal system is also based on English Common Law. Economic legislation is aimed at attracting investment in this small island country.
The judicial system consists of magistrate courts, the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal. The highest court is the Caribbean Court.